Robots are complex machines that are controlled by a combination of mechanics, electronics and software. Their basic functional principle is based on the input of data, the processing of this data and the execution of actions. Robots can be programmed for a variety of tasks, from simple mechanical activities to complex, autonomously navigating systems.
A central aspect of robotics is the ability of robots to orientate and navigate in space. Various technologies enable this spatial perception and movement:
In practice, combinations of these systems are often used to exploit the strengths of the individual technologies and compensate for their weaknesses. For example, a robot can use lidar for general navigation and ultrasound for close-range detection. Cameras can be used for navigation as well as for specialized tasks such as object detection.
Modern professional cleaning robots, such as the Kärcher KIRA B 50, the Hako Scrubmaster B75 i and the Taski Ecobot 50, use a range of advanced sensor technologies to navigate efficiently and autonomously in different environments. These robots are an example of how different sensor types are combined to optimize navigation and safety.
Many other robots are available. These include so-called co-bots, which perform together with the cleaning staff. These include the Wetrok Robmatic Marvin. It can also be used as a fully-fledged, manually operated scrubber-dryer.
These examples show that professional cleaning robots use a variety of sensor technologies to perform their tasks efficiently and safely. LiDAR and 3D cameras provide precise spatial mapping and obstacle detection, while ultrasonic sensors and passive collision sensors contribute to close obstacle detection. The combination of these technologies enables robots to autonomously perform complex cleaning tasks in different environments.
The choice of the right orientation system depends heavily on the specific application and environmental conditions. While some systems such as lidar offer high precision, simpler systems such as ultrasound may be sufficient and more cost-effective in certain contexts. The combination of different technologies makes it possible to make robots more flexible and efficient to meet the requirements of different scenarios.